Things to Know Before Making a Career in Medicine

Currently, in India, there are 8.18 lakh Ayurveda, Unani, and Homeopathy doctors serving a humongous population of more than one billion. Going by the statistics, India is way behind the doctor-population ratio (0.62:1000 as of 2017) prescribed by the WHO (World Health Organisation), which is 1:1000. That means the country has less than one doctor for every 1,000 persons in India.

Based on the reports provided by the Medical Council of India, Minister of State for Health Anupriya Patel said, “there were a total 10,22,859 allopathic doctors registered with the state medical councils or Medical Council of India as on March 31, 2017.” She further asserted during Question Hour, “Assuming 80 per cent availability, it is estimated that around 8.18 lakh doctors may actually be available for active service. It gives a doctor-population ratio of 0.62:1000 as per current population which is estimated to be of around 1.33 billion.”

Country-wise Doctor-Population Ratio as Per World Health Organisation (WHO)

CountryRatio (per 1,000 people)
Australia3.374:1000
Brazil1.852:1000
China1.49:1000
France3.227:1000
Germany4.125:1000
Russia3.306:1000
USA2.554:1000
Afghanistan0.304:1000
Bangladesh0.389:1000
Pakistan0.806:1000

The numbers need to be hiked. To increase the number of MBBS doctors, the Council with the help of the Centre is working on escalating MBBS seats from 150 to 250 per college.

NTA NEET Website

Why Should You Consider a Career in Medicine?

“Service to mankind is service to god” – this popular phrase aptly fits in this context. Becoming a physician/ doctor gets you to serve others, which is definitely a noble way to invest passion, intellect, and skill. Today, it is one of the most sought-after promising career fields not just in India but in the global sphere too. In an era of globalization that has opened the boundaries for nations across the globe, a medical student can easily get an opportunity to work abroad and carve out an impressive career for himself.

One can earn well as well as derive satisfaction and get respect. The field of medicine has undergone a lot of developments and over the years, various specializations have merged too. In cities, large numbers of Super Specialty hospitals are mushrooming at a faster rate. This has further broadened the career scope and augments the employment sector of doctors, nurses and medical practitioners.

In order to become a medical practitioner/ doctor, an aspirant is required to clear the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) and earn a graduate degree of MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) or BDS (Bachelor of Dental Studies) from a recognised University.

What is NEET and How to Clear It?

Commonly known as NEET, the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test is an all-India entrance examination conducted for admission to UG and PG medical courses (MBBS, MS, and MD) and dental courses (BD and MDS) in government and private medical and dental colleges in the country. Until recently, the Central Board of Secondary Education conducted the NEET exam. Since 2019, the National Testing Agency (NTA) is administering the test. Students willing to appear in the NEET 2022 exam should check out the complete article for detailed information.

NEET 2022 Application Schedule (Tentative)

The exact dates for the NEET 2022 events will be known after the release of the official schedule. Here is the tentative schedule for the exam.

Exam EventsImportant Dates
Application process beginsNovember 2021
Application process endsDecember 2021
Admit card availabilityApril 2022
NEET 2022 exam dateFirst Sunday of May 2022
ResultFirst week of June 2022

NEET 2022 Eligibility Criteria

All the aspiring candidates need to check whether they meet the eligibility conditions of NEET 2022 or not! They are as follows –

  • Applicants should have Indian citizenship. Candidates belonging to the OCI (Overseas Citizens of India) category are also eligible to appear for this exam.
  • The candidates should have passed 12th class or equivalent in Science subjects with the combination of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology from any recognized University or Board.
  • The minimum percentage of aggregate marks scored by the General Category candidate is 50. While SC/ ST/ OBC category candidates are required to score at least 40% marks in aggregate in the 12th class. The physically handicapped candidates of the General Category should have scored minimum aggregate marks of 45 in the 12th class.
  • Those appearing in the 12th class are also eligible to appear for the exam.
  • The minimum age limit for this exam is 17 years. While the decision on the maximum age limit is pending. Candidates must check out the official notification carefully for the same.

NEET 2022 Application Process – How to Apply

Candidates wishing to appear for this exam can apply via online mode only. There is no other mode to apply for this exam. Visit the official website of NTA NEET (https://neet.nta.nic.in/) and fill in the form by providing important details such as the name of the candidates, address, father’s name, educational qualification, etc. Upload the digital images of the photograph and signature with the prescribed format. Release the application fee through credit card, debit card, etc. Take at least two printouts of the confirmation page for future use.

How Well-versed Are You with NEET Exam Pattern 2022

NEET Exam Pattern Infographic
Image Credit: CollegeDunia
  • Exam Mode: offline
  • Type of Questions: MCQs
  • Total Number of Questions: 180 questions
  • Maximum Marks: 720 marks
  • Language: English, Assamese, Odia, Tamil, Telugu, Hindi, Marathi, Kannada, Bengali, Gujarati and Urdu
  • Subjects: Physics, Chemistry and Biology
  • Marking Scheme: 4 marks for each correct answer
  • Negative Marking Scheme: 1 mark gets deducted for every wrong answer

NEET Answer Key – How to Calculate Your NEET 2022 Score?

Calculating the NEET score is quite simple. NTA will release the NEET answer key 2019 after the commencement of the examination. Aspirants can access the answer key and predict their scores accordingly. For every correct answer, you will get 4 marks. 1 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer.

NEET Score = (all the correct answers x 4) – (total incorrect answers x 1)

Subject-wise Weightage

Don’t you think knowing the mark distribution for each will come in handy in the NEET 2022 exam? Yes, of course. Go through the following table to understand the marking structure of each subject.

SubjectSectionsNo. of questionsMarks (@ 4 marks per question)
PhysicsSection A35140
Section B15 (Candidates have to attempt any 10)40
ChemistrySection A35140
Section B15 (Candidates have to attempt any 10)40
BotanySection A35140
Section B15 (Candidates have to attempt any 10)40
ZoologySection A35140
Section B15 (Candidates have to attempt any 10)40
Total Marks 180720

More Focus on Important Topics to Score Good Marks in NEET

  • Physics: Electrodynamics, Semi-Conductors, KTG & Thermodynamics, Wave Optics, Rigid Body Dynamics and Modern Physics
  • Chemistry: Chemical Bonding, Organic Chemistry- I, Coordination Compounds and Carbonyl Compounds
  • Biology: Plant Anatomy, Pollination, DNA Replication, Digestive System, Excretory and Nervous System, Photosynthesis, PAGE Theory and Endocrine System

NEET 2022 Physics Paper Analysis (Expected)

  • Mechanics carry maximum weightage, hence the most important topic
  • This year, the difficulty level of Physics paper will possibly be higher
  • Candidates are expected to get 9-10 questions from Electrodynamics
  • Calculations will be lengthy

NEET 2022 Chemistry Paper Analysis (Expected)

  • Not very difficult as compared to Physics paper
  • More questions will be from the 12th class syllabus
  • It has been observed that there will more be application-based questions
  • In 2022, aspirants will have around 16/17 questions from Organic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry is getting prominent
  • Pay heed to Coordination Compounds and Chemical Bonding

NEET 2022 Biology Paper Analysis (Expected)

  • Easier than the other two subjects
  • Biology will help you fetch good marks
  • Students studying NCERT books will get an edge over others
  • Biology comprises Botany and Zoology

Medium of Question Paper –

Medium of question paperExamination Centres
English and HindiAll examination centres across India
Oriya, Hindi and EnglishOnly in Odisha Examination Centres
Assamese, Hindi and EnglishOnly in Assam Examination Centres
Marathi, Hindi and EnglishOnly in Maharashtra Examination Centres
Gujarati, Hindi and EnglishOnly in Gujarat Examination Centres
Bengali, Hindi and EnglishOnly in West Bengal Examination Centres
English, Hindi and UrduAll examination centres across India
Telugu, Hindi and EnglishOnly in Andhra Pradesh & Telangana Examination Centres
Kannada, Hindi and EnglishOnly Karnataka Examination Centres
Tamil, Hindi and EnglishOnly in Tamil Nadu Examination Centres

Preparation and Success Tips for NEET 2022 Exam

It takes a lot of hard work, dedication, and perseverance. To ace the exam and get into the best medical colleges in the country, a high level of preparation is the key. The first step towards any preparation for competitive exams is mental preparation. A candidate should be mentally prepared for the hard work, discipline, endurance, and stay focused throughout the year. Well, plans need to be executed properly. Check out some key points that would prove to be effective.

  • Understand the syllabus. Students should understand all the topics; it will help them prepare better.
  • Identify weak and strong areas and start preparing for the exams accordingly.
  • In order to shorten the time period of preparation for the exam, know the inter-related topics and prepare for them.
  • Collect important materials and must be updated on every subject.
  • Should devise different strategies and methods to prepare for different subjects; for example, in Biology some of the questions are informative. Hence, students are required to collect as much information as possible. While in Physics and Chemistry questions are often conceptual and candidates should try to build upon the basics first.
  • Revise frequently and solve as many sample papers as possible.
  • Time management skills. Learn how to manage time in the exam hall. There are 180 questions to be solved in 180 minutes. Ideally, a candidate should spend only 1 minute on one question. Answer easy questions first before moving on to difficult ones.

Wish to go for higher studies after an MBBS degree? You may consider the following areas for specialisations –

General medicinePsychiatryENT(Ear, Nose, and Throat)Orthopaedics
OphthalmologyAnesthesiologyGynaecologyGeneral surgery
DermatologyPaediatricsPaediatrics surgeryThoracic surgery
Plastic surgeryNeurosurgeryCardiac surgeryHaematology
EndocrinologyGastroenterology  

Some other courses which a student can choose to do in a medical field are as follows-

  • Nuclear medicine
  • Nursing
  • Radiation Medicine
  • Physiotherapy
  • Homoeopathy
  • Dentistry
  • Nutrition
  • Immunology
  • Forensic physiology and sciences
  • Hospital administration
  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry
  • Nursing
  • Sports medicine
  • Vitreoretinal surgery
  • Mobility science
  • The hearing, language and speech.