Things to Know before Making a Career in Medicine

Currently, in India, there are 8.18 lakh Ayurveda, Unani and Homeopathy doctors serving a humongous population of one billion. Going by the statistics, India is way behind the doctor-population ratio (0.62:1000 as of 2017) prescribed by the WHO (World Health Organisation), which is 1:1000. That means the country has less than one doctor for every 1,000 persons in India.

Based on the reports provided by the Medical Council of India, Minister of State for Health Anupriya Patel said, “there were a total 10,22,859 allopathic doctors registered with the state medical councils or Medical Council of India as on March 31, 2017.” She further asserted during Question Hour, “Assuming 80 per cent availability, it is estimated that around 8.18 lakh doctors may actually be available for active service. It gives a doctor-population ratio of 0.62:1000 as per current population which is estimated to be of around 1.33 billion.”

Country-wise Doctor-Population Ratio as Per World Health Organisation (WHO)

Country Ratio (per 1,000 people)
Australia 3.374:1000
Brazil 1.852:1000
China 1.49:1000
France 3.227:1000
Germany 4.125:1000
Russia 3.306:1000
USA 2.554:1000
Afghanistan 0.304:1000
Bangladesh 0.389:1000
Pakistan 0.806:1000

The numbers need to be hiked. To increase the number of MBBS doctors, the Council with the help of Centre is working on escalating MBBS seats from 150 to 250 per college.

NTA NEET Website

Why Should You Consider a Career in Medicine?

“Service to mankind is service to god” – this popular phrase is aptly fit in this context. Becoming a physician/ doctor gets you to serve others, which is definitely a noble way to invest passion, intellect and skill. Today, it is one of the most sought-after promising career fields not just in India but in the global sphere too. In an era of globalization which has opened the boundaries for nations across the globe, a medical student can easily get an opportunity to work abroad and carve out an impressive career for himself.

One can earn well as well as derive satisfaction and get respect. The field of medicine has undergone a lot of developments and over the years, various specializations have merged too. In cities, large numbers of Super Specialty hospitals are mushrooming at a faster rate. This has further broadened the career scope and augments the employment sector of doctors, nurses and medical practitioners.

In order to become a medical practitioner/ doctor, an aspirant is required to clear the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) and earn a graduate degree of MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) or BDS (Bachelor of Dental Studies) from a recognised University.

What is NEET and How to Clear It?

Commonly known as NEET, the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test is an all-India entrance examination conducted for admission to UG and PG medical course (MBBS, MS and MD) and dental course (BD and MDS) in government and private medical and dental colleges in the country. Till recently, the Central Board of Secondary Education conducted the NEET exam. From 2019, the National Testing Agency (NTA) will administer the test. Students willing to appear in the NEET 2019 exam should visit the exam venues on May 05, 2019.

NEET 2019 Eligibility Criteria

All the aspiring candidates need to check whether they meet the eligibility conditions of NEET 2019 or not! They are as follows –

  • Applicants should have Indian citizenship. Candidates belonging to OCI (Overseas citizens of India) category are also eligible to appear for this exam.
  • The candidates should have passed 12th class or equivalent in Science subjects with the combination of Physics, Chemistry and Biology from any recognized University or Board.
  • The minimum percentage of aggregate marks scored by General Category candidate is 50. While SC/ ST/ OBC category of candidates are required to score at least 40% marks in aggregate in the 12th class. The physically handicapped candidates of General Category should have scored minimum aggregate marks of 45 in the 12th class.
  • Those appearing in the 12th class are also eligible to appear for the exam.
  • The minimum age limit for this exam is 17 years. While the maximum age limit for the general category candidate is 25 years and 30 years for candidates belonging to SC/ ST or physically handicapped categories.

NEET 2019 Application Process – How to Apply

Candidates wishing to appear for this exam can apply through online mode only. There is no other mode to apply for this exam. Visit the official website of NTA NEET ( and fill in the form by providing important details such as the name of the candidates, address, father’s name, educational qualification, etc. Upload the digital images of the photograph and signature with the prescribed format. Release the application fee through credit card, debit card, etc. Take at least two printouts of the confirmation page for future use.

How Well-versed Are You with NEET Exam Pattern 2019

NEET Exam Pattern Infographic

Image Credit: CollegeDunia

  • Exam Mode: offline
  • Type of Questions: MCQs
  • Total Number of Questions: 180 questions
  • Maximum Marks: 720 marks
  • Language: English, Assamese, Odia, Tamil, Telugu, Hindi, Marathi, Kannada, Bengali, Gujarati and Urdu
  • Subjects: Physics, Chemistry and Biology
  • Marking Scheme: 4 marks for each correct answer
  • Negative Marking Scheme: 1 mark gets deducted for every wrong answer

NEET Answer Key – How to Calculate Your NEET 2019 Score?

Calculating NEET score is quite simple. NTA will release the NEET answer key 2019 after the commencement of the examination. Aspirants can access the answer key and predict their score accordingly. For every correct answer, you will get 4 marks. 1 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer.

NEET Score = (all the correct answers x 4) – (total incorrect answers x 1)

Subject-wise Weightage

Don’t you think knowing the mark distribution for each will come in handy in the NEET 2019 exam? Yes, of course. Go through the following table to understand the marking structure of each subject.

Subject No. of questions Marks
Physics 45 180
Chemistry 45 180
Botany 45 180
Zoology 45 180
Total marks 180 720

More Focus on Important Topics to Score Good Marks in NEET

  • Physics: Electrodynamics, Semi-Conductors, KTG & Thermodynamics, Wave Optics, Rigid Body Dynamics and Modern Physics
  • Chemistry: Chemical Bonding, Organic Chemistry- I, Coordination Compounds and Carbonyl Compounds
  • Biology: Plant Anatomy, Pollination, DNA Replication, Digestive System, Excretory and Nervous System, Photosynthesis, PAGE Theory and Endocrine System

NEET 2019 Physics Paper Analysis –

  • Mechanics carries maximum weightage, hence the most important topic
  • This year, the difficulty level of Physics paper will possibly be higher
  • Candidates are expected to get 9-10 questions from Electrodynamics
  • Calculations will be lengthy

NEET 2019 Chemistry Paper Analysis –

  • Not very difficult as compared to Physics paper
  • More questions will be from 12th class syllabus
  • It has been observed that there will more be application-based questions
  • In 2019, aspirants will have around 16/17 questions from Organic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry is getting prominent
  • Pay heed to Coordination Compounds and Chemical Bonding

NEET 2019 Biology Paper Analysis –

  • Easier than the other two subjects
  • Biology will help you fetch good marks
  • Students studying NCERT books will get an edge over others
  • Biology comprises Botany and Zoology

Medium of Question Paper –

Medium of question paper Examination Centres
English and Hindi All examination centres across India
Oriya, Hindi and English Only in Odisha Examination Centres
Assamese, Hindi and English Only in Assam Examination Centres
Marathi, Hindi and English Only in Maharashtra Examination Centres
Gujarati, Hindi and English Only in Gujarat Examination Centres
Bengali, Hindi and English Only in West Bengal Examination Centres
English, Hindi and Urdu All examination centres across India
Telugu, Hindi and English Only in Andhra Pradesh & Telangana Examination Centres
Kannada, Hindi and English Only Karnataka Examination Centres
Tamil, Hindi and English Only in Tamil Nadu Examination Centres

Preparation and Success Tips for NEET 2019 Exam

It takes a lot of hard work, dedication and perseverance. To ace the exam and get into the best medical colleges in the country, a high level of preparation is the key. The first step towards any preparation for competitive exams is the mental preparation. A candidate should be mentally prepared for the hard work, discipline endurance and stay focused throughout the year. Well, plans need to be executed properly. Check out some key points that would prove to be effective.

  • Understand the syllabus. Students should understand all the topics; it will help them prepare better.
  • Identify weak and strong areas and start preparing for the exams accordingly.
  • In order to shorten the time period of preparation for the exam, know the inter-related topics and prepare for them.
  • Collect important materials and must be updated on every subject.
  • Should devise different strategies and methods to prepare for different subjects; for example, in Biology some of the questions are informative. Hence, students are required to collect as much information as possible. While in Physics and Chemistry questions are often conceptual and candidates should try to build upon the basics first.
  • Revise frequently and solve as many sample papers as possible.
  • Time management skill. Learn how to manage time in the exam hall. There are 180 questions to be solved in 180 minutes. Ideally, a candidate should spend only 1 minute for one question. Answer easy questions first before moving on to difficult ones.

Wish to go for higher studies after an MBBS degree? You may consider the following areas for specialisations –

General medicine Psychiatry ENT(Ear, Nose and Throat) Orthopaedics
Ophthalmology Anesthesiology Gynaecology General surgery
Dermatology Paediatrics Paediatrics surgery Thoracic surgery
Plastic surgery Neurosurgery Cardio surgery Haematology
Endocrinology Gastroenterology

Some other courses which a student can choose to do in a medical field are as follows-

  • Nuclear medicine
  • Nursing
  • Radiation Medicine
  • Physiotherapy
  • Homoeopathy
  • Dentistry
  • Nutrition
  • Immunology
  • Forensic physiology and sciences
  • Hospital administration
  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry
  • Nursing
  • Sports medicine
  • Vitreoretinal surgery
  • Mobility science
  • The hearing, language and speech.